"A real book is not one that we read, but one that reads us." 
— W. H. Auden


Here are some of the books I have read and I recommend:

Before Homosexuality in the Arab-Islamic World, 1500-1800 by Khaled El-Rouayheb
Brutal Friendship - The West and the Arab Elite by Saïd K. Aburish
Capitalism and Class in the Gulf Arab States by Adam Hanieh
Fields of Blood: Religion and the History of Violence by Karen Armstrong
What is Islam? by Shahab Ahmed
Desiring Arabs by Joseph Massad
Egypt: Spies, Soldiers and Statesmen by Hazem Kandil
Capitalist Realism by Mark Fisher
Inside the Brotherhood by Hazem Kandil, 2015
Debt, The IMF, and The world Bank, Éric Toussaint and Damien Millet, 2010
Man's Fate (or La Condition Humaine) by Andre Malraux
1984 by George Orwell
Animal Farm by George Orwell
Three Penny Opera by Bertolt Brecht
The Autumn of the Patriarch by G. G. Marquez
The Slave Trade by Hugh Thomas
Life as Politics by Asef Bayat
Chavs by Owen Jones
Bloody Foreigners by Robert Winder
Culture and Imperialism by Edward Said
Invisible Man by Ralph Ellison
Waiting for Godot by Samuel Beckett
Love in the Time of Cholera by G. G Marquez
For Whom the Bells Toll by Ernest Hemingway
Season of Migration to the North by Tayeb Salih
Homage to Catalonia by George Orwell
City of Sin: London and its Vices by Catharine Arnold
Why Evolution is True by Jerry Coyne
The Twentieth Century by Howard Zinn
The Life of Galileo by Bertolt Brecht
The Communist Manifesto by Marx and Engels
A People's History of England by A. L. Morton
Merchant Capital and Islam by Mahmood Ibrahim
The Age of Revolution by Eric Hobsbawm
The Age of Capital by Eric Hobsbawm
The Age of Empire by Eric Hobsbawm
The Age of Extremes by Eric Hobsbawm
The Bolshevik Revolution 1917-1923 by E. H. Carr
The Sun in a Cloudy Day by Hanna Mina (Syrian novelist)
East of the Mediterranean by Abd al-Rahman Munif
The Unbearable Lightness of Being by Milan Kundera
Le Pain Nu by Mohamed Chokri (Moroccan writer)
Overcoming Zionism by Joel Kovel 
Listen, Little Man! by Wilhelm Reich
The Metamorphosis by Franz Kafka
The Invasion of Compulsory Sexual Morality (excerpts here) by Wilhelm Reich
Of Mice and Men by John Steinbeck
The Myth of Zionism by John Rose
Karl Marx by Francis Wheen
The Enigma of Capital by David Harvey
A Companion to Marx's Capital by David Harvey
Capital Vol. 1 by Karl Marx
The Richness of Life: the essential of Stephen Jay Gould by Stephen Jay Gould
The People Want by Gilbert Achcar (a book about the Arab revolutions of 2011)
Imagined Communities by Benedict Anderson
Science and Civilisation in China by Joseph Needham (a summary volume)

Interested in reading: 

A Possible History of the Global South by Vijay Prashad, Verso 2014
The World Bank by Éric Toussaint
British Imperialism: 1688-2000 by A.G. Hopkins and P. J. Cain
Revolution without Revolutionaries by Asef Bayat
Distinction by Pierre Bourdieu
State, Power, Socialism by Nicos Poulantzas
The Man Who Loved Dogs by Leonardo Padura
Iran Between Two Revolutions by Ervend Abrahamian
The Sympathizer by Viet Thanh Nguyen

Global Poverty

The Science of (Not) Ending Global Poverty