The question to ask then is not what is the nature of "sexuality," its operations, repressions, manifestations, and productions in Islam, but rather in a specific type of discourse about sexuality in Islam (in Western academy, NGO activism, Western media representations, Western governments' policy making), "in a specific form of extortion of truth, appearing historically and in specific places," around the place of women and homosexuality in Islam, to name the two privileged axes to be investigated. To echo Foucault one more rime, what were "the most immediate, the most local power relations at work? How did they make possible these kinds of discourses, and conversely, how were these discourses used to support power relations? How was the action of these power relations modified by their very exercise, entailing a strenghthening of some terms and a weakening of others ...?"
— Jospeh Massad, Islam in Liberalism, 2015, p. 273